Environmental Science Test 4A
 
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Environmental Science Test 4A

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Which of the following is not an ecosystem?
a.
vacant lot
c.
coral reef
b.
oak forest
d.
utility pole
 

 2. 

The energy in most ecosystems comes from
a.
green plants.
c.
wind.
b.
the sun.
d.
All of the above
 

 3. 

The organisms most likely to belong to the same species are
a.
people at a football game.
c.
birds in a forest.
b.
bacteria inside a person’s body.
d.
organisms in a pond.
 

 4. 

Which of the following statements about an organism’s habitat is not true?
a.
Most organisms can survive if they are taken away from their habitat.
b.
An organism’s habitat is the place where it lives.
c.
A habitat has specific characteristics that an organism needs in order to live there.
d.
A habitat contains biotic and abiotic factors.
 

 5. 

The community of a pond is made up of all the
a.
abiotic factors in the water.
b.
resources organisms need.
c.
habitats in and around the water.
d.
populations of fish, insects, and other living organisms.
 

 6. 

Organisms can adapt
a.
to their physical surroundings.
c.
Both (a) and (b)
b.
to other organisms.
d.
Neither (a) nor (b)
 

 7. 

Some organisms are more likely to survive because they
a.
have certain physical traits.
c.
engage in certain behaviors.
b.
lack certain physical traits.
d.
All of the above
 

 8. 

An organism is resistant to a chemical if it
a.
has a gene that enables it to break down the chemical.
b.
has been exposed to a small amount of the chemical over time.
c.
did not eat anything with the chemical on it.
d.
All of the above
 

 9. 

The process of two species changing genetically in response to long-term interactions with each other is
a.
artificial selection.
c.
selective breeding.
b.
coevolution.
d.
resistance.
 

 10. 

In order for evolution to occur in a population, individuals with a trait that is “naturally selected for” must
a.
live a long time.
c.
reproduce.
b.
leave the area.
d.
coevolve.
 

 11. 

Most scientists classify organisms into
a.
five kingdoms and two domains.
c.
three kingdoms and four domains.
b.
four kingdoms and three domains.
d.
two kingdoms and four domains.
 

 12. 

Which of the following animals is successful because it moves quickly, reproduces rapidly, and has a waterproof external skeleton?
a.
ant
c.
bird
b.
mouse
d.
squirrel
 

 13. 

Which of the following can convert nitrogen in the air into a form plants can use?
a.
bacteria
c.
protists
b.
fungi
d.
animals
 

 14. 

Which of the following is not an algae that uses energy from the sun to make food?
a.
seaweed
c.
giant kelp
b.
phytoplankton
d.
gymnosperm
 

 15. 

Most land animals depend on angiosperms for
a.
reproduction.
c.
food.
b.
water.
d.
All of the above
 

 16. 

Which of the following describes soil and temperature in an ecosystem?
a.
abiotic factors
c.
unnecessary factors
b.
biotic factors
d.
selection factors
 

 17. 

Humans have inadvertently promoted the evolution of insects that are resistant to insecticides by
a.
trying to control pests with chemicals.
b.
using insecticides that are outdated.
c.
using the wrong insecticide.
d.
All of the above
 

 18. 

Which of the following best describes a population?
a.
members of the same species living in the same place at the same time
b.
all the red birds in an area
c.
all types of organisms living in the same place
d.
all members of the same species
 

 19. 

One way that bacteria and fungi are important to the environment is that they
a.
produce oxygen.
b.
use the sun’s energy to make their own food.
c.
are a major food source in many ecosystems.
d.
break down dead organisms.
 

 20. 

Which of the following is not a biotic factor in an ecosystem?
a.
roots
c.
leaves
b.
insects
d.
air
 

 21. 

Unicellular organisms with cell walls but no nuclei are
a.
fungi.
c.
protists.
b.
bacteria.
d.
All of the above
 

 22. 

Which of the following include organisms that can use energy from the sun to make food?
a.
fungi and plants
c.
fungi and protists
b.
bacteria and plants
d.
plants and animals
 

 23. 

Many angiosperms depend on
a.
other animals in the oceans.
b.
gymnosperms for reproducing.
c.
plants for food.
d.
animals to carry pollen and disperse seeds.
 

 24. 

Which of the following characteristics is usually shared by bacteria, fungi, and plants?
a.
They have cell walls.
b.
They have nuclei.
c.
They are unicellular.
d.
They have the ability to make their own food.
 

 25. 

A gymnosperm is a(n)
a.
animal.
c.
fungus.
b.
protist.
d.
plant.
 

Completion
Complete each statement.
 

 26. 

Most bacteria, including the kinds that cause disease and those found in garden soil, belong to the domain ____________________.
 

 

 27. 

The living and once living parts of an ecosystem, including all the plants and animals, are ____________________ factors in the ecosystem.
 

 

 28. 

The nonliving parts of an ecosystem, such as rocks, light, air, and temperature, are ____________________ factors in the ecosystem.
 

 

 29. 

The place where an organism lives and that has the resources the organism needs is its ____________________.
 

 

 30. 

An inherited trait that increases an organism’s chance of survival and reproduction in a certain environment is a(n) ____________________.
 

 



 
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